Deepfakes为何如此让人忧心? 分享到
What Are Deepfakes and Why Are They Dangerous? 2021-08-0316089

中英
Việt-Anh
ไทย-อังกฤษ
英文

双击原文单词查看解释

原文跟读

These are Deepfake videos.
这些是Deepfake视频。
Here is Donald Trump confessing to being racist and here is Tom Cruise equipped with a mop and a bucket cleaning the kitchen.
这个视频,唐纳德·特朗普承认自己是种族主义者。这个视频呢,汤姆·克鲁斯配备了拖把和水桶清洁厨房。
According to the cyber security company Sensity, videos like these are becoming more common, more intricate and harder to detect.
根据网络安全公司Sensity的说法,像这样的视频正变得越来越普遍,越来越复杂,越来越难以发现。
In a report, Sensity says 90 percent of Deepfakes target women, with fake naked photos and videos on the internet.
Sensity在一份报告中表示,90%的Deepfakes视频都是以女性为目标,在互联网上可以找到她们大量假的裸体照片和视频。
Womens rights activist Noelle Martin found fake sexual videos purporting to show her had racked up thousands of views.
女权活动家诺伊尔·马丁发现,声称是她的性视频的浏览量达到了数千。
The authors of the fakes were never identified,but the situation led Martin to start a campaign helping women who found themselves in a similar situation.
还未找到制作假视频的作者。但这次事件致使马丁发起了一项运动,帮助那些发现自己处于类似情况的女性。
"Its very easy to say to people like Just be private, Just be careful what you post online,Dont post online or Dont have a social media account,
"对人们说'保持隐私'、'小心您在网上发布的内容'、'不要在网上发布''不要在网上发布'或'不要有社交媒体账户'之类的话非常容易。
and I just dont believe that thats a good enough stance for 2021."
我只是不相信这对2021年来说是一个足够好的姿态。"
Martin wants governments to regulate the fakes online.
马丁希望政府能对网上的假照及假视频进行监管。
In the US, only the states of New York, California, Virginia, Maryland and Texas have laws targeting Deepfakes.
在美国,只有纽约州、加利福尼亚州、弗吉尼亚州、马里兰州和德克萨斯州有针对Deepfakes的立法。
The adoption of a federal law that would ban Deepfakes seems very unlikely, say experts.
专家说,通过一项联邦法律来禁止Deepfakes的可能性不大。
"At the moment, there are five states in the United States that have laws against Deepfakes.
"目前,美国有五个州有针对Deepfakes的法律。
Theyre in very specific contexts though.
但它们都是在非常具体的情况下立法的。
In a couple of instances, they have to do with political Deepfakes.
在一些情况下,Deepfakes假视频涉及政治人物。
So specifically, if you do a Deepfake of a candidate within so many days of an election, that can in under the statute anyway be a criminal offense."
因此,具体而言,如果您在选举的几天内对某位候选人制作Deepfakes视频。根据法规,是一种刑事犯罪。"
Recently so-called Geographical Deepfakes have become a large concern as well.
最近,所谓的地理Deepfakes让人大为忧心。
There are fake satellite images that can, for instance, be used as a disinformation tool to spread fake information about natural disasters.
例如,有一些假的卫星图像可以被用作虚假信息工具,传播有关自然灾害的虚假信息。
A team of scientists at the University of Washington is working on ways to identify such fakes.
华盛顿大学的一个科学家团队正在研究如何识别这种假图像。
"It could be used for multiple purpose, make a simulated building or a bombed area it could be.
"它可被用于多种目的,制作一个模拟的建筑或被轰炸的区域。
But from a technical perspective, they can fake anything on the surface of the earth."
但从技术角度来看,可以伪造地球表面的任何东西。"
Not all Deepfakes are dangerous in themselves.
但Deepfakes本身并非危险。
A startup called Flawless has introduced a program for dubbing foreign movies and TV shows while syncing the actor lips and the sound.
一家名为Flawless的创业公司推出了一个为外国电影和电视节目配音的程序,将演员的唇形和声音同步化。
The algorithm analyzes the facial expressions of the actor or actress, then does the same with the dubbing actor and then syncs the two.
该算法分析男演员或女演员的面部表情,然后对配音演员做同样的分析,然后将两者同步。
"If you break down the language barriers, I think that like theres a real amazing opportunity for people
"如果打破了语言障碍,我认为就给人们提供了一个绝佳的机会
to start to sort of access more content from around the world where I think previously probably the dubbing and subtitling barrier
开始从世界各地获得更多的内容,我认为以前可能是配音和字幕的障碍
weve probably prevented a lot of people from wanting to watch it."
致使很多人无法观看"。
The developers believe the technology in this case can take the movie industry to a whole new level
开发人员相信,在这种情况下,该技术可以将电影业提升到一个全新的水平
and become an example of a good and effective way to use Deepfakes.
成为如何正确有效地使用Deepfakes的一个典范。

点击加载更多

我的生词本