拜登政府欲废除2002年使用军事力量授权 分享到
Biden Administration Seeks Repeal of 2002 War Powers Authorization 2021-08-0817511

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19 years after the US Congress authorized US military intervention in Iraq against then leader Saddam Hussein,
在美国国会授权美国对当时伊拉克领导人萨达姆·侯赛因进行军事干预19年后,
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Menendez told the panel
参议院外交关系委员会主席鲍勃·梅嫩德斯在小组会上说
that the Authorization of the use of Military Force against Iraq abbreviated as AUMF is obsolete.
缩写为AUMF的对伊拉克使用军事力量的授权已经过时了。
"It simply makes no sense to keep an authorization against Iraq.
"保留对伊拉克使用军事力量的授权已经没有任何意义。
The Biden Administration has made clear to a formal statement of administration policy
拜登政府已经在一份正式的政府政策声明中明确表示
that it is not relying on the 2002 AUMF for ongoing operations or detention authority,
如今已不再依靠2002年AUMF来开展持续的行动或实施拘留权。
logically as the terms of the AUMF applied only to threats emanating from Saddam Husseins Iraq."
从逻辑上讲,AUMF的条款只适用于来自萨达姆·侯赛因时期的伊拉克威胁"。
Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman made clear that the Biden Administration also supports the repeal of the 2002 military authorization.
副国务卿温迪-谢尔曼明确表示,拜登政府也支持废除2002年的军事授权。
"The fact is the 2002 AUMF is no longer necessary to protect the American people from terrorism,
"事实是,2002年的AUMF对保护美国人民免遭恐怖主义之害已不再必要,
to respond to attacks on our personnel or facilities or to ensure the safety and security of our people.
对保护美国人员或设施免遭攻击或确保美国人民的安全和保障而言,也无必要。
The President has other tools available to achieve these objectives."
总统已有其他可用的途径来实现这些目标"。
But some senators oppose the repeal including ranking Republican Member James Risch.
但一些参议员反对废除,包括排名高级共和党议员詹姆斯·里奇。
"Coupled with troop reductions across the Middle East, Im concerned that the repeal of the 2002 AUMF only adds to the wrong message
"再加上整个中东地区的撤军,我担心废除2002年AUMF只会传达政府的错误信息。
the Administration and I think all of us are already sending to Iran our allies in the region."
政府和我都认为我们所有人都已经在向我们在该地区包括伊朗在内的盟友发出错误的信息。"
Another Republican senator strongly disagreed.
另一位共和党参议员则持完全不同意见。
"We shouldnt have a thousand troops in Mali.We shouldnt have a thousand troops in Somalia.We shouldnt be in 14 different countries.
"我们不应该在马里驻军一千。也不应该在索马里驻军一千。更不应该在14个不同的国家有驻军。
But if we replace it, all of the replacements of 2001 authorization have been still broad enough
但是,如果我们取代它,2001年所授权的内容仍然足够广泛
and to be interpreted to include all the places were involved,
可以解释为包括我们所涉及的所有地方
with dozens of wars could be fought with most of the replacement bills.
大多数替代法案可能掀起数十场战争。
So Id say repeal them all.
因此,我认为应将它们全部废除。
War is supposed to be something thats difficult to get involved with."
战争本应该就是不易参与的事情。"
President Joe Biden has said the US combat mission in Iraq will end by the end of this year
美国总统乔·拜登说,美国在伊拉克的作战任务将在今年年底前结束。
and he is also withdrawing US troops from Afghanistan after 20 years there.
他还将撤回在阿富汗驻军长达20年之久军队。

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