美国最高法院在新冠疫情期间做出变革 分享到
US Supreme Court’s ‘Next Big Thing’: the Telephone 2020-04-3038471

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The Chief Justice of the United States, John Roberts, said in 2014 that courts will always be careful when it comes to "the next big thing" in technology.And it took a worldwide pandemic for the U.S. Supreme Court to finally agree to use, of all things, the telephone.
在2014年,美国首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨曾表示,法院在涉及科技的“下一个伟大事物”时将会始终保持谨慎。一场世界范围内的大流行最终让美国最高法院同意使用电话。
In May, the courts members will hear arguments over the telephone for the first time.Public television service C-SPAN will broadcast audio of the arguments "live."
今年5月,最高法院成员将首次通过电话听取辩论。公共电视服务C-SPAN将实时直播辩论的音频。
Clare Cushman is director of publications at the Supreme Court Historical Society.She called the decision to use telephones a "giant leap forward" for a place that sticks to tradition.But she noted that hearing arguments on the phone is somewhat backward given how much of the country and other courts are now using video conferencing.
克莱尔·库什曼是美国最高法院历史学会出版物主任。她称使用电话的决定对这个坚持传统的地方来说是一次“巨大的飞跃”。但她指出,考虑到该国和其它法院目前使用视频会议的程度,在电话上听取辩论有些落后。
Until 1971, the Supreme Court was still using pneumatic tubes to send documents.They were popular in the late 1800s for shipping mail, papers, and other things between offices.The court was still using Linotype machines to print documents in the early 1980s while others printed from desktop computers.
直到1971年,最高法院仍在使用气动导管发送文件。它们在19世纪末期很流行,被用于在办公室之间传送邮件、文件和其它物品。20世纪80年代初,最高法院还在使用莱诺铸排机打印文件,而其它地方都通过台式计算机打印文件。
Just two years ago, the high court made its documents available on the internet, well after other courts.
最高法院两年前才在互联网上公开了其文件,远远落后于其它法院。
Before the coronavirus crisis, Supreme Court justices were exchanging messages and opinions on paper.Yet most of the nine justices — six of them over the age of 65 — appear to use modern technology in their own lives.
在新冠病毒危机以前,最高法院的法官们以书面形式交流信息和观点。然而九位大法官中的大多数人在生活中似乎使用了现代科技,他们中有六位年龄在65岁以上。
Justice Elena Kagan has said she is on the social media website Twitter.Justice Samuel Alito has described reading legal briefs on an Apple iPad.Justice Sonia Sotomayor wears an electronic sensor that keeps watch over her health.And Justices Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh have young children who might be expected to send text messages to their fathers.
大法官埃琳娜·卡根曾表示,她也上社交网站推特。大法官塞缪尔·阿里托曾描述过在iPad上阅读诉讼摘要。大法官索尼娅·索托马约尔戴着一个电子传感器,随时监测自己的健康状况。大法官尼尔·戈萨奇和布雷特·卡瓦诺的孩子都还小,他们可能会收到孩子们发来的短信。
This month, 81-year-old Justice Stephen Breyer used the videoconference service Zoom to talk to students at a New York school.Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg is the oldest member of the court at the age of 87.She reads emails on an iPhone and once told people that she uses another Apple device as a sound machine to help her sleep.
本月,81岁的大法官斯蒂芬·布雷耶使用Zoom视频会议与纽约一所学校的学生们进行了交流。大法官鲁思·巴德尔·金斯伯格以87岁的高龄成为最高法院最年长的成员。她在iPhone上阅读电子邮件,并曾跟人们说过,她把另一台苹果设备当作播放器来帮助她入睡。
Still, the decision to hear arguments via telephone during six days in May was unimaginable two months ago.The change is an effort to limit large gatherings of people to slow the spread of the disease COVID-19.
尽管如此,在5月份的6天时间里通过电话听取辩论的决定在两个月前仍然是无法想象的事情。这项变革是为了限制人们的大规模聚集,以减缓新冠肺炎这种疾病的传播。
This year, the cases before the Supreme Court include President Donald Trumps effort to keep his tax and financial records secret.The court also will hear whether Electoral College members must vote for the candidate who won their state in presidential elections.
今年,最高法院审理的案件包括总统唐纳德·特朗普对其税收和财务记录的保密措施。最高法院还将审理选举人团是否必须投票给在大选中赢得该州选举的候选人。
The courts willingness to use telephones might last only a short time.But those who want more openness on the court hope it will continue after the pandemic.
最高法院使用电话的意愿可能只会持续很短的时间。但是那些想要最高法院更加开放的人们希望在流感大流行之后还能继续下去。
Melissa Murray is a law professor at the New York University School of Law.She said live audio gives Americans the ability to observe the third branch of the U.S. government at work.She added, "I dont know why you wouldnt want that."
梅丽莎·默里是纽约大学法学院的一名法学教授。她说,现场实时音频让美国人能够观察到这个美国政府第三大分支的运转。她补充说,“我不知道你为什么不想要那样。”
Stephen Dillard serves on the Georgia Court of Appeals.He supports openness in the courts.He told The Associated Press, "This is a great first step, and Im excited about it,but I hope they will go further in years to come and allow live video streaming."
斯蒂芬·迪拉德就职于乔治亚州上诉法院。他支持法院开放。他告诉美联社,“这是伟大的第一步,我对此感到很兴奋,但我希望未来几年他们能更进一步,并允许视频直播。”
Im Jonathan Evans.
乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报。

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