“not”和“no”的异同 分享到
Not and No 2020-06-0740186

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This week we received a question from Candy in China. Candy writes,
本周,我们收到了来自中国的坎迪的提问。她写道,
I wonder what is the difference between "not" and "no"?Today when I do my homework, I encounter the question.I do not know if it is "no need to do something" or "not need to do something" - Candy, China
我想知道“not” 和“no”之间有什么区别。今天,我做作业的时候,遇到了这个问题。 我不知道应该是“no need to do something”还是“not need to do something”---坎迪,中国
Dear Candy,Thank you for writing to us. We do not usually answer homework questions,
亲爱的坎迪:感谢来信。我们通常不回答作业问题,
but I will try to explain the difference between the two expressions.
但我会尽量解释这两种表达方式的区别。
The word "not" is an adverb, which means it modifies – or changes the meaning of -- a verb."Not" is often used with modal verbs, like "should," "can" and "might." Here are two examples.
“not”是副词,可以修饰动词,或改变动词的含义。“not”通常与“should”(应该),“can”(可以) 和“might”(可能)等情态动词搭配使用,这里我们举两个例子:
"You should not go to the park today."
“你今天不应该去公园。”
"We might not have time to go before dark."
“我们可能来不及在天黑前走。”
The phrase you saw, "not need to do something," looks like it is part of a sentence where "need" is used as a verb.Here are some examples.
你之前看到的短语“not need to do something”看起来像是句子的一部分,其中“need”用作动词。以下是几个例子。
"You do not need to clean the room."
“你不需要打扫房间。”
"I have not walked the dog today."
“我今天还没遛狗。”
"They are not working on the project."
“他们现在不在该项目上工作。”
In those sentences, "not" modifies the verbs clean, walk, and work. They show how "not" can be used as an adverb.
在这些句子中,“not”修饰动词“clean”,“walk”和“work”。它们展示了“not”如何用作副词。
The word "no" can be used as an adverb, adjective, or noun.In your sentence, "There is no need to do something," "no" is used as an adjective, modifying the noun "need."The verb in that sentence is a form of the word be: "is."
单词“no”可以用作副词、形容词或名词。在你的句子“There is no need to do something”中,“no”被用作形容词,修饰名词“need”。该句中的动词是“be”动词的形式之一:“is”。
Here are examples of "no" being used as an adjective:
以下是“no”用作形容词的示例:
"The store has no eggs on the shelf."
“商店货架上没有鸡蛋。”
"People with no internet connection at home can go to a library."
“家里没网的人可以去图书馆。”
"No" is also often used as an adverb. For example, your parents may have told you, “No, you cannot have any more candy.”
“no”还经常用作副词。例如,你的父母可能已经告诉过你:“不,你不能再吃糖了。”
In that sentence, "no" answers the question, "Can I have more candy?"I am wondering if that is where you got your nickname, Candy.
在那句话中,“no”回答了提问“我可以再吃些糖果吗?” 我猜这或许就是你的昵称“坎迪”(Candy)的由来吧。
By the way, I hope you have "no problems" with doing your homework now.
顺便说一下,我希望你现在做作业“没问题”。
What question do you have about American English? Send us an email at learningenglish@voanews.com.
你对美式英语有什么疑问吗?可以给我们发电子邮件,我们的邮箱是 learningenglish@voanews.com。
And thats Ask a Teacher for this week.
以上就是本期《名师答疑》的全部内容。
Im Jill Robbins.
我是吉尔·罗宾斯。

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