This weeks question comes from Vukeni of South Sudan.Vukeni writes: What is the difference between "loose" and "lose"?
This morning, I heard some people debating about it.
It makes sense that people were debating the difference between "loose" and "lose."
The two words are commonly mistaken, even by native English speakers!It is probably because the words are close in spelling and pronunciation.
In speaking, both words use the vowel sound /u/.But "lose" ends in the /z/ sound, while "loose" ends in the /s/ sound.In writing, "loose" has only one more -o than "lose."
They may look and sound alike, but the two words are unrelated.
Lets start with "lose," which is a verb."Lose" has many meanings.Today, I will tell you about three.
It can mean "to fail to win," such as a game or competition:
We lost the tennis game last night.Better luck next week.
Notice that the past form is "lost," not "losed."That is because "lose" is an irregular verb.
"Lose" can also mean "to misplace (something)" or to be unable to find it.People can lose many kinds of things.Heres an example:
Oh no! The airport lost my bags.Now I have nothing to wear to the wedding.
"Lose" can also mean "to have less of something as time passes" as in this:
Grandma has been losing her eyesight for a few years.These days, I usually help her walk around.
A person can also lose sleep, weight or hair, or something nonphysical,such as memory, interest or contact.
Now, lets talk about the word "loose."
"Loose" is an adjective that means "not tightly attached or held in place."Many things can be loose, like clothing:
Excuse me, these shoes are a little loose.Do you have a smaller size?
Lots of other things can be loose, such as nails when they are not securely attached,teeth when they are ready to come out or wires when they are not tightly connected.
Though "loose" is an adjective, it can take verb form.The verb is "loosen."To loosen means "to make loose," as in this:
虽然" loose "是形容词，但它也有动词形式。其动词形式是“loosen”。“To loosen”是指“使变松”，如下所示：
When he left the meeting, he quickly loosened his tie.
In the example, notice that the past form ends in -ed."Loosen" is a regular verb.
And thats Ask a Teacher for this week.
Im Alice Bryant.