And now, Words and Their Stories, from VOA Learning English.
Flowers add so much to our world.They feed the bees and other pollinators. They are beautiful.Some smell so good that they are used in perfume, lotion and other body products.
Many parents name their daughters after flowers.Popular ones are Daisy, Rose, Lily, Jasmine, Heather, Holly and Violet.
许多父母以花为女儿命名。受欢迎的有Daisy, Rose, Lily, Jasmine, Heather, Holly and Violet。（雏菊，玫瑰，百合，茉莉，石南，冬青和紫罗兰。）
On todays program we are going to talk about that last one – Violet.
The name Violet is found in an English expression.A shrinking violet describes someone who is very shy.
Violet这个名字出现在一个英语表达中。 A shrinking violet 是指非常害羞的人。
Oh, my shrinking violet, I left my basket of impatience at your door.
I brought my tulips for your two lips, but the bulb dont burn anymore.Shrinking violets are not bold. They are afraid to speak their minds.When faced with a difficult situation, a shrinking violet seems to get smaller.They shrink away from the problem.
Another adjective to describe a shrinking violet is modest.They do not like to be the center of attention.
However, we often use this expression to describe people who are the opposite of modest, shy and fearful.And we often say it a special way.We say that someone is "no shrinking violet" instead of saying "not a shrinking violet."
然而，我们经常用这个表达来形容那些与谦虚、害羞和害怕相反的人。我们经常用一种特殊的方式来表达。我们说某人“no shrinking violet(不害羞的人)”，而不是说“not a shrinking violet”。
Let me give you an example.
My friend Olga loves to perform. She is a great singer. And shes no shrinking violet!If there is a party, you dont need to ask her twice to sing for a crowd.Just give her a microphone and an audience and she is ready to perform!Now that I think of it, she doesnt even need a microphone ...or an audience.
She’s also no shrinking violet when it comes to sharing her thoughts. You always know where you stand with Olga.To know where you stand with someone means you know how they feel about things – and how they feel about you.They share their thoughts and feelings freely.
当谈到分享自己的想法时，她也一点不羞涩。你总是能清楚明白奥尔加的想法，知道她的立场。“To know where you stand with someone”意味着你知道他们对事情的感觉——以及他们对你的感觉。他们自由地分享他们的思想和感受。
Now, lets talk about another flower – the wallflower.
If you look up "wallflower" in the dictionary, you might get confused.Merriam-Websters Online Dictionary says wallflowers are hardy herbs often grown for their showy, sweet-smelling flowers.They are even able to grow in extremely small cracks in walls.That is where they get their name – wallflower.
In nature, wallflowers may be "showy" – or have a very noticeable appearance.But strangely, people who are described as wallflowers are not showy.In fact, a person who is a wallflower is the opposite!
Like shrinking violets, these people are also quiet and shy.At a party, a wallflower can be found standing against the wall, watching the fun from a distance.They stay apart from other people – waiting for someone to talk to them or ask them to dance.
And thats the end of this Words and Their Stories.Practice using these two expressions: shrinking violet or wallflower.
以上就是本期单词故事的全部内容。试着练习使用这两个表达：shrinking violet 或wallflower 。
Until next time ... Im Anna Matteo.