South Africas rate of intimate femicide, the killing of women by their partners, is five times the global average, according to the World Health Organization.
And one big driver of that, they argue, is the nations high rate of gun ownership.
Thats the argument from South African legislators pushing this bill that fewer guns in public hands has statistically led to fewer gun deaths.
Gun owners and advocators disagree. They say it matters who is holding the gun.
One particularly vocal group consists of women who say the constant threat of violence calls for self-defense.
South Africa has been called the rape capital of the world by Interpol because of the nations high rate of sexual violence.
And President Cyril Ramaphosa recently described gender-based violence as the nations second epidemic.
This 33-year-old woman asked us to conceal her face and use a pseudonym Foxy out of fear for her safety.
Thats because in the space of three months, she said, she was raped multiple times,first by a gun-toting home intruder and then by the friend she confided in.
Both men had guns and used them to terrorize her.
Now she wants one too and is seeking a license for self-defense.
"Because Ill have it with me, I feel like Ill be empowered, you know,
and should anything that is life-threatening happen, obviously Ill try like they said try and get out of the situation,
but if I cant, then Ill do what I can to save my life.
It basically could be the dividing line between life and death.
I feel like itll help empower me to know that I dont have to give in.
If I cant get out of it, then theres a way to disable them from doing what theyre trying to do to me or anybody around me at that time."
Lynette Oxley, a Johannesburg firearms dealer is the founder of Girls on Fire, a group that represents female gun owners.
约翰内斯堡的枪支经销商Lynette Oxley是代表女性枪支所有者的团体Girls on Fire的创始人。
She trains women to think of guns as a deterrent.
"If you talk to all of the lady firearm owners that Ive spoken to through the years, they say it actually makes you less aggressive.
Because youre aware that if you do take that step, its a big step.Its not something that you want to do.
So, it makes you actually think about scenarios and big thing is get out of the scenario if you can.
But if you are attacked, then obviously that is your best way of defending yourself against a bigger, stronger perpetrator."
But the very valid fears women have cant necessarily be solved with more guns, says gender-based violence expert Nechama Brodie.
"I really do understand as a woman living in South Africa how vulnerable you feel and how we imagine
because were told by Hollywood as well as by gun owners lobbies that having a firearm on your person is the one thing thats going to make you safe,
but the data shows us that firearms make all of us anything but safe,
and the most important step that we could take to improve womens safety in South Africa would be to disarm more men, not to arm more women."
Brodie argues that if the goal is to protect women, there are other interventions,
like better street lighting, more community safety initiatives and burglar bars on homes, all of these women agree on the actual problem here.
South African girls and women feel unsafe on the streets and in their homes every day,
but guns cancel, thats the question facing Parliament in coming months.