在农作物价格飙升的情况下,美国农民寻求更多的贸易 分享到
Amid Soaring Prices for Crops, US Farmers Seek More Trade 2021-04-2428354

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Illinois farmer Reid Thompson took over his family farming business in 2019,
伊利诺伊州的农民里德·汤普森于2019年接管了他的家族农场,
amid deepening tensions between the US and key trading partners,
在美国与主要贸易伙伴关系日益紧张的情况下,
a time when demand and profits for US corn and soybeans were tanking.
当时美国玉米和大豆的需求和利润都在下滑。
My career into full-time farming was rather stressful.
我从事全职农业的职业压力很大。
To reduce the stress the US Department of Agriculture sent direct aid
为了减轻压力,美国农业部直接提供援助。
totaling tens of billions of dollars over several years to farmers like Thompson.
在过去的几年里,汤普森这样的农民获得了数百亿美元。
It helped keep them afloat not just a mid-trade turmoil but also during the coronavirus pandemic
它不仅帮助他们渡过了一场中端贸易动荡,还帮助他们度过了新冠疫情时期。
so that they could farm another day.
这样他们就可以耕种的时间更长一些。
Like this cool and dry April morning,when Thompson planted his soybean seeds.
就像这个凉爽干燥的四月早晨,汤普森播种大豆的时候,
As his tractor cuts through the fertile soil prices for his crops are reaching decade highs,
随着他的拖拉机穿过肥沃的土壤,他的农作物价格达到了十年来的最高水平,
a dramatic change from just a year ago.
与一年前相比发生了巨大的变化。
I would say 30 to 50 percent higher than what we were 12 months ago
我认为比12个月前高出30%到50%,
and so first time in several years that farmers can plan on profit without government money.
这是几年来农民第一次在没有政府资金的情况下谋取利润。
The government money helped Thompson offset the dent in his profits
政府的钱帮助汤普森抵消了他利润的减少。
influenced by the Trump Administrations tariffs on Chinese steel and aluminum.
受特朗普政府对中国钢铁和铝关税的影响。
The tariffs prompted China, one of the largest markets for US soybeans
关税促使中国这个美国最大的大豆市场之一
to slap escalating tariffs on US grain exports.
对美国粮食出口征收越来越高的关税。
Among other goods those policies that you know featured a lot of tariffs and retaliation werent very helpful,
在其他商品方面,那些以关税和报复为特点的政策并没有什么帮助,
but I think weve dug out of that hole and weve started to see some gains,
但我认为我们已经摆脱了这个困境,我们已经开始看到一些进展,
so were hoping to keep that momentum going.
所以我们希望保持这种势头。
Adam Nielsen is the National Legislative Director for the Illinois Farm Bureau.
亚当·尼尔森是伊利诺伊州农业局的全国立法主任。
He works with members of congress and the White House to advocate for policies that help the US agriculture industry.
他与国会议员和白宫议员合作,倡导帮助美国农业的政策。
In terms of seeing expanded trade,we dont care whos in the White House.
在扩大贸易方面,我们不在乎谁入主白宫。
That is one of our priority issues.
这是我们优先考虑的问题之一。
It was under Trump.
那时在特朗普的领导下。
It will be under Biden.
此时将由拜登领导。
Nielsen credits the Trump Administrations "Phase I" Agreement with China
尼尔森将此归功于特朗普政府与中国的“第一阶段”协议
and the United States-Canada-Mexico trade Agreements or USMCA
以及美国-加拿大-墨西哥贸易协定(USMCA)。
for helping boost demand and prices this year.
这有助于提振今年的需求和价格。
He says US lawmakers should set their sights on new trade agreements.
他说,美国立法者应该着眼于新的贸易协定。
There are countries and there are regions of the world that are entering the middle class for the first time.
世界上有一些国家和地区第一次进入中产阶级。
Sub-Saharan Africa, for example.
例如撒哈拉以南非洲。
You know those are the markets where theres potential growth
你知道,这些是潜在增长的市场
and you know with Biden coming in,
拜登上任后,
there are opportunities to strike deals with the UK, Korea, Japan and others.
有机会与英国、韩国、日本和其他国家达成协议。
Thompson says hes been able to sell some of the grain hes been storing since last years harvest at todays high prices,
汤普森说,他能够以今天的高价出售去年收获以来储存的一些谷物,
but Farm Credit Illinois Regional Manager Caleb May says many farmers might not be able to cash in.
但是伊利诺伊州农场信贷经理凯勒布·梅说,许多农民可能无法兑现。
We may have high prices today but you may not have anything to sell for those high prices.
我们今天可能有很高的价格,但你可能没有任何东西可以高价格卖出。
Thompson says theres also a downside to high prices.
汤普森说,高价格也有不利的一面。
As our commodity prices go up, so does everything else.
随着我们的商品价格上涨,其他一切都在上涨。
Thompson expects cost to run his farm to go up 15 percent this year.
汤普森预计今年经营农场的成本将上涨15%。
But am I going to end up in a better position now than I did at the end of last year?
但我现在的处境会比去年底好吗?
For now the answer is as uncertain as the long-term weather forecast.
目前,答案和长期天气预报一样不确定。
Kaine Fairbaugh VOA news Gibson City Illinois
VOA新闻,凯恩·费尔堡伊利诺斯州吉布森报道

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