Scientists point to climate change as the reason for the increase in the number of extreme weather events.
NASA senior climate advisor Gavin Schmidt says the problem starts with rising temperatures.
"As the planet warms, the ocean absorbs that heat
and thats causing the ocean to expand that fills the basins more and more.
But of course, as were warming, were also melting ice in mountain areas,glaciers are retreating, all of that water is effectively ending up in the ocean."
Schmidt says the planets rising temperatures lead to drier land which in turn leads to wildfires like this one in Mexico.
Edgar Gordo oversees Mexico for the Rainforest Alliance,a non-profit group, working to protect nature while helping farmers.
He says fires, floods and melting glaciers have become routine
"And every year in Mexico, I think in the whole world,we are always saying this was the hottest year in the last five years,
but its happening year after year after year, so this is something that is not changing though.
About one third of Mexico citys 20 million residents is affected by water shortages,
under near-constant threat of drought, Gordo says farmers cant depend on their crops alone.
"As they dont have like the income that they were expecting from a specific crop,
maybe they will need to go to the forest or the rain forest and clear cut it
to sell some wood or some other things that are having impact on deforestation or degradation of forest and rain forest."
As trees disappear from clear cutting, and their roots no longer hold dirt in place, landslides and flooding increase.
Intan Fardinatri of the Rainforest Alliance in Indonesia says these natural disasters hit hardest those who make a living off the land.
"The agriculture rural community, you know its always like they are in a very remote area
and by having landslide, you know damaging the infrastructure,
so they are even remote then than before, isolated there."
Fardinatri says the erratic weather patterns have cut Indonesias coffee production in half
and the countrys cocoa and coffee farmers have watched their livelihoods shrink.
"When they were young, it wasnt like this and now the soil getting exhausted. Soil is dried."
She says the clash between economic development and protecting the environment
may make those taken-for-granted staples increasingly unsustainable to grow.